°⚪ Exoplanets Visualized ⚪°
°⚪ Exoplanets Visualized ⚪°
Who wants to build a snowman? It doesn’t have to be a snowman. In fact, considering what snowmen are like in the Who-Universe, it shouldn’t be a snowmaaaaaaan…..
My visual development during the making of Frozen for Elsa and Anna’s relationship while growing up.
Ladies and gentlemen, this is what social anxiety feels like.
IMPORTANT CHARACTER IS IMPORTANT. Never has Disney produced such a realistic character, female, male, villain or princess, ever before. This is a woman who we watched grow up completely suppressing her natural gifts and true self. How many of us have had to hide things? Our love of dance from our overly macho dad? Or homosexuality from right-winged parents? A love of the arts because our families want us to have “real jobs”? Our ADHD, dyslexia, or other “disabilities” because it didn’t fit into traditional learning environments? How about the part where she felt completely an under anxiety her entire life to the point where her interactions with other humans were affected determinately? How many times have we all been under so much constant stress that we feel like this nice snow storm is battering around inside you? And let’s not forget her chronic depression, a side affect of her crippling anxiety and years of self denial. Elsa is literally every single teenager who ever existed and she is so incredibly real beecause she reacts selfishly, she reacts rashly, she reacts illogically, because that’s what real human people do. They go through hell and they fuck up. But they’re truly good people at heart who want love and freedom just like everyone else, the road is just harder to get there. But it makes the end all worth while.
And the most important part in all of this? The world is going nuts for Elsa. Everyday I see little girls running around the Magic Kingdom dressed as her, carrying her dolls, wearing her shirts, standing in line 5 hours just to meet her. They’re going to grow up worshiping her and looking up to her and singing Let it Go at the top of their lungs. And they’re going to make the world a better place because she exists. This is a character who is going to live forever because Disney let her be real and flawed and incredibly human. Elsa is the greatest creative achievement in Disney history, hands fucking down.
And Turbo is the exact same way. He reacts negatively, harshly, and selfishly when being confronted with something that he’s been trying to avoid for 30 years. Being forgotten.
But of course Elsa is the only one who gets recognition for it because she’s not the villain.
Elsa gets recognition for it because she’s an example of realistic human behaviour coming from a person who’s a positive role model at the same time.
We like Elsa better for reasons.
Llevitron or whatever your name is please stay out of this.
Do not compare Turbo to Elsa.
I can’t believe I’m reading this.
Okay… That’s it… I think I’m going to set this as my alarm on my phone so I can feel like I’m waking up in heaven on a daily basis.There’s just something about children’s choirs.
Alkanes are one of the simplest of Organic Compounds. They consist of single bonded Carbon and Hydrogen atoms and align themselves linearly unless they’re cyclic or ringed structures. I’m mostly going to be talking about simple linear alkanes in this post.
They’re saturated Hydrocarbons, meaning that they’re saturated or filled with Carbon and Hydrogen atoms. Alkanes can be represented formulaically as CnH2n+2; that is for every n number of carbon atoms there are twice as many hydrogen atoms plus two hydrogen atoms in the molecule. Each carbon atom can contain 3 hydrogen atoms unless its at the start or end of the chain. This simple formula easily allows you to know how many Carbon and Hydrogen atoms in an alkane, granted you know its name or the number of carbons. For example Heptane above has 7 Carbons: Plugging this into the formula we get: C(7)(7*2)+2(H) = 7 C and 16 Hydrogens.
Properties and nomenclature
Alkanes are non-polar molecules and are therefore soluble in non-polar solvents (like attracts like!). The more non-polar a solvent is the greater solubility of an alkane in it. They have low boiling points when compared to polar compounds because they only exhibit weak london dispersion forces between molecules; polar molecules exhibit much stronger dipole-dipole forces or hydrogen bonding. An example of the difference in boiling points between non-polar and polar molecules can be done by comparing Methane (CH4) to Water (H2O); both molecules have similar molecular weights (16 vs 18), but their boiling points are vastly different; Methane boils at -162 degrees C while Water boils at 100 degrees C. That is the power of Dipole-Dipole forces and Hydrogen bonds! In fact in order for an alkane to approach water’s boiling point it needs many carbons in its chain, 7 in fact. Heptane has a boiling point of 98 Degrees C and it has 7 Carbons and many Hydrogen atoms. Low carbon alkanes (Methane - Butane) are gaseous at room temperature; Medium Carbon chains are liquid at room temperature (Pentane to Hexadecane); Heavy Carbon chains are solid at room temperature ( Heptadecane and higher).
Continuous chain alkanes which are linear are named by adding a prefix followed by -ane. These are determined by the amount of Carbon atoms in the molecule. There are unique non-numerical prefixes used from C1 to C4 which are Meth-, Eth-, Prop-, and But-; when you hit 5 carbons it gets easier, all prefixes correspond to greek numerical roots which most people already know; Pent- for 5, Hex- for 6, Hep- for 7, etc. It changes a bit so I’ll list a table below:
Number of Carbons in molecule: Prefix used:
Sources: CHEM 2409 (Organic Chemistry I) notes from BCIT.